American Elm (ulmus americana)

American Hornbeam (carpinus caroliniana)
January 13, 2016
American Chestnut (castanea dentata)
January 13, 2016

American Elm (ulmus americana)

American Elm 1
This deciduous tree is native to eastern North America as far north as Nova Scotia, and all the way down to Florida. It can withstand temperatures as low as -44 degrees F. The flowers are small and purple-brown and the fruit is a flat samara with a circular papery wing surrounding the seed. The American elm is highly susceptible to the fungal disease called Dutch elm disease, which is spread by beetles and causes the demise when the tree is mature and has already produced seeds. The elm is therefore still abundant but very rarely has the majestic size that it used to have. It is a rough wood so it doesn’t have many uses, but it can be used for things such as barrel staves, trunk-slats, and hoop poles. It has also been used to make rope swings for children. The Liberty Tree in Boston, Massachusetts, was an elm that was known as the rallying point for the growing resistance to the British rule.